Rankings

Overall

 

In 2021, the Dominica and St Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment (CBI)

Programme received the same overall score, ranking first in the CBI Index.

I.
Dominica

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$100,000
  • No travel or residence requirements
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing
  • Spotlight: the Dominica Citizenship by Investment Unit is highly competent and adheres to strict due diligence procedures

II.
St Kitts and Nevis

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$150,000
  • No travel or residence requirements
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing, with an Accelerated Application Process
  • Spotlight: the world’s oldest citizenship by investment programme, commonly referred to as the ‘Platinum Standard’

III.
St Lucia

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$100,000
  • No travel or residence requirements
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing
  • Spotlight: the country has inaugurated a limited-time, Covid-19 government bonds option until 31 December 2022

IV.
Grenada

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$150,000
  • No travel or residence requirements
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Average processing speed
  • Spotlight: citizens of Grenada can apply for an E-2 Visa to the United States and travel without a visa for up to 30 days to China

V.
Antigua and Barbuda

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$130,000
  • Adult applicants must make one trip to take the oath of allegiance and show five days of residence within five years of citizenship. The travel and residence requirements can be fulfilled contemporaneously, and can be completed by minors after they turn 18
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Average processing speed
  • Spotlight: is the only country allowing families to qualify by making a donation to a university fund

VI.
Malta

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: €610,000
  • Applicants must show a minimum of 12 months of Maltese residence, and travel to apply for a residence card, give biometrics, and take the oath of allegiance
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Processing can take no less than 12 months
  • Spotlight: applicants must maintain global health insurance; the MEIN is capped at 1,500 main applicants.

VII.
Montenegro

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: € 465,000
  • One trip is required to receive the final decision on citizenship and supply biometrics
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing
  • Spotlight: The programme is set to close on 31 December 2022

VIII.
Vanuatu

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$130,000
  • Applicants must travel to take the oath of allegiance, presently waived
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing
  • Spotlight: the Development Support Programme offers full (not honorary) citizenship

IX.
Egypt

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$250,000
  • No residence requirements, but one visit to Egypt is required before the grant of citizenship to obtain a National ID Card
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Average processing time
  • Spotlight: the newest CBI Programme established in 2020

X.
Turkey

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$400,000
  • No residence requirements, but the applicant must obtain an investor residence card and provide biometrics
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fairly quick processing
  • Spotlight: to be valid, all investments must first be recognised by the relevant Government ministry

XI.
Jordan

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: US$750,000
  • No travel or residence requirements
  • No interview requirement; no language or culture test
  • Fast processing
  • Spotlight: naturalised Jordanians face bars to pursuing political or diplomatic positions

XII.
Austria

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: actual or expected outstanding achievement of an economic nature
  • Applicants must make one trip to Austria to take the oath of allegiance
  • Interview requirement; no language or culture test; must show a proven track record of achievement
  • Processing takes around two years
  • Spotlight: lack of clarity as to requirements and likelihood of success has generated reluctance towards applying for Austrian economic citizenship

XIII.
Cambodia

  • Single applicant minimum outlay: KHR 1 billion
  • No residence requirement for applicants for the donation route; nominal residence requirement for the approved investment route. Travel is required to obtain certificates and take the citizenship oath
  • No interview requirement; Khmer language and history test
  • Fairly quick processing
  • Spotlight: the only programme with a mandatory history and language test requirement