An island-nation in the Pacific Ocean, Vanuatu was jointly ruled by the United Kingdom and France under a 1906 system known as the British-French Condominium. Named the New Hebrides by Captain Cook in the 18th century, the nation was re-named Vanuatu – meaning ‘Our Land Forever’ – upon achieving independence. Vanuatu’s economy is dominated by small-scale farming and fishing, with primary exports including kava, coconut, and cocoa. Tourism, primarily from Australia and New Zealand, faltered after the passage of Tropical Cyclone Pam in 2015, but is recovering, and continues to account for a large part of Vanuatu’s GDP. China is establishing a growing presence in Vanuatu, particularly through investment and loan schemes.
The Vanuatu Development Support Programme